Henry Moret (12 December 1856, Cherbourg - 5 May 1913, Paris) was a French Post-Impressionist painter.
His life and work
Little is known of Moret's life until he began his military service in 1875. Jules La Villette, his commander in Lorient who first noticed his artistic talents, introduced him to Ernest Corroller, a drawing teacher and marine painter. Corroller taught him the art of landscape painting as practiced by masters such as Corot and Courbet, enabling him to register at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris where in 1876 he studied under Rudolf Lehmann, Jean-Léon Gérôme and later, from about 1880, under the history painter Jean-Paul Laurens.
Moret first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1880, presenting La plage de Locqueltas à marée basse; côte de Bretagne. He maintained contact with Corroller, and often returned to Brittany.
In 1888, he arrived in Pont-Aven which had begun to attract a number of artists including Ernest de Chamaillard, Émile Jourdan, and Charles Lavant, with Paul Gauguin playing the leading role.
Moret was one of the first painters to move to nearby Le Pouldu which soon became the new centre of attraction for the Pont-Aven artists. His work began to show signs of Symbolism- probably as a result of Gauguin's influence.
After Gauguin left the area in 1891, Moret began to develop his own style.
In 1895, he established a fruitful relationship with Paul Durand-Ruel who maintained a number of galleries in Paris, London and New York, with an emphasis on Impressionism. During their relationship, Moret completed over 600 paintings, many of which were exhibited in Paris and New York leading to a growing clientele for his work.
Moret also exhibited seven of his Breton paintings at the Salon des Indépendants.
After 1900, Moret became more immersed in Impressionism, applying small flecks of paint to his work rather than the broad strokes favoured by the Pont-Aven artists. Increasingly he focused on landscapes where his light effects can be seen in the sunsets and storm scenes.
In addition to his work in oil for Durand-Ruel, he also completed some 800 watercolours and drawings.
Paintings in museum collections
Birkenhead, Williamson Art Gallery and Museum
- Pen Men, Ile de Groix; 56 x 66 cm; Inventory BIKGM:1970
Boston, USA, Museum of Fine Arts
Caen ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
- Paysage Inventory INV 81 16 7
Cardiff, Wales, National Museum
- Amgueddfa Cymru
Georgia, USA, Oglethorpe University Museum
Glasgow, UK, Kelvingrove Museum
- Cliffs at Port Domois, Belle-Ile, oil on canvas ,73.2 x 60.1 cm, Inventory 3168
Harvard University Art Museums, Massachusetts, USA
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana, USA
Le Havre ; Musée Malraux
- La baie de Lampaul Inventory A 292
Paris ; Musée d'Orsay
- GOULPHER Inventory RF 1977 275 ; AM 3083 P
- Pointe de Peu-Meu
Quimper, Musée des Beaux-Arts
Rennes ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
- MEN DU FINISTERE Inventory INV 52.4.2
Saint Petersburg, Russia, Hermitage Museum
Southampton, England, City Art Gallery
Versailles ; Musée Lambinet
- L'île d'Ouessant, la chaussée Keller Inventory 91.9.39
Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art
The Island of Raguenez, Brittany, 1890/95
27 June - 19 October 1998, Quimper, Musée des Beaux-Arts
Henry Moret : un paysagiste de l'École de Pont-Aven
26 June - 26 September 1988, Musée de Pont-Aven
Henry Moret, aquarelles et peintures 1856-1913
Rolland, Jean-Yves; Baranger, Marie-Bénédicte: Henry Moret, 1856-1913, Éd. Palantines
Cariou, André, Henry Moret : un paysagiste de l'École de Pont-Aven : [exposition], Quimper, Musée des beaux-arts, 27 juin-19 octobre 1998 (catalogue), 1998, ISBN 290673926X
Henry Moret, aquarelles et peintures 1856-1913, Pont Aven, Musée du Pont-Aven, 1988. (Plomelin) ISBN 2911434269.